As our world become more advance, more progressive and modern it is undeniable that as our way of life improves sprouting of different diseases in our community is inevitable. One of these is diseases is Malaria.Malaria is one of the most serious medical disease which is cause by plasmodium parasite that is carried by the female Anopheles mosquito. It has five species of human malaria parasite namely, Plasmodium falciparum,Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi. Among the five of them Plasmodium falciparum is the most dangerous (IAMAT 2016).This disease affects millions of people around the world every year. Despite of the risk that malaria brings,fortunately this disease can be prevented and treated.
There are many ways to prevent malaria. First by simply using anti mosquito sprays or lotions,wearing protective clothing such as long sleeves and long pants . Sleeping under a permethrin-treated bed net can also be an option in prevention of the said disease. Antimalarial medication can also be a great help in preventing malaria. Avoiding the places where malaria and mosquitoes can be present. Pregnant women, very young children and the very old ones are at higher risk to acquire this disease that`s why they need to take precautions. There is also the ABCD approach to prevention of malaria which stands for Awareness of risk, Bite prevention, Check wether you need to take malaria prevention tablets, and Diagnoses.In ABCD approach to prevention of malaria A stands for Awareness of risk which means you should know if there is any possibilities for you to acquire malaria. Next is the letter B, Bite prevention its avoiding to be bitten by mosquitoes through using insect repellants and using clothes that can cover your whole body. The letter C is Check wether you need to take malaria prevention tablets, if you are undergoing through it make sure that you`re taking the right tablet and the right dose of it. And lastly D, Diagnoses if you have symptoms of malaria seek immediately a medical advice (NHS Choices 2015).
If you are unfortunate and have acquired malaria, there are still treatments that can help you recover from it. The very important thing for malaria to be treated is to eliminate entirely the Plasmodium parasite from the blood to avoid it to get worst that results to infection and death. According to the World Health Organization there are guidelines to be followed in curing malaria. First is selection of safe and effective quality of antimalarial medicines. Another one is antimalarial drug efficacy to ensure the effectivenesss of the medicine taken it needs to be monitored. Next is withdrawal of oral artemisinin-based monotherapies, using it continually contributes a lot in developing the resistance to artemisinin and its derivatives. Lastly is the management of RDT and ACT procurement and supply, it is a multi stage process that makes sure that products have right quality, dosage and price. Malaria is very risky but with right practices it can be prevented and cured.
Retrived on Dec.15,2016