Understanding the Danger and Control of Tetanus

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Have you ever stepped on a rusty, dirty nail in a pile of wood, and then realized so much tension in your muscles more particularly in the jaw for a couple of days? Well, if yes, you better got an eye cause you might have the symptoms of, TETANUS. 

Yes, Tetanus.

Tetanus is a serious community disease caused by a bacterium called clostridium tetani, which is commonly found in dirt, soil, saliva, or even in dust particles. Basically, this bacteria (clostridium tetani) generally enters the body through a slit or wound in the skin caused by a contaminated object.

This serious infection can affect the nervous system of a person which can also result to  stiffness in the muscles that can easily injured the bones and can cause serious breathing and swallowing difficulties.

Moreover, Tetanus is considered to be severe and at some point fatal if untreated. Tetanus, also called lockjaw by some experts, occurs in different regions of the world more particularly in the Philippines. According to the World Health Organization, there are almost 880 number of cases of Tetanus, tallied from WHO vaccine-preventable diseases monitoring system as of November 18, 2016. Due to the long-run number of victims, Tetanus is still considered to be one of the most widespread community disease in the country.

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Tetanus affects our nervous System (Left), World Health Organization Logo (Right)

Some people would say, Tetanus is not always fatal. But according to experts, researchers and doctors, tetanus as an infectious disease that if untreated, will cause severe result which can lead up to death. According to a research, tetanus symptoms usually lasts for about 7-10 days after initial infection. Patients who are suffering from tetanus infection may have these following symptoms;

  • diarrhea,
  • bloody stool,
  • headache,
  • sore throat,
  • sweating,
  • rapid heartbeat and,
  • sensitivity to touch.

The danger in this disease if not treated, will lead to an increase in number of other severe complications, like, Heart Attack, Kidney Malfunction, Septicemia (Blood Poisoning) and Asphyxia (Suffocation).

Obviously, there is no fast and exact  “cure” for tetanus. However in order to be treated, patients must be diagnosed immediately.

Anyone who experiences pain in muscles and other symptoms should seek medical attention immediately for an early treatment. Treatment for Tetanus includes:

  • Wound care,
  • Drugs to control muscle spasms,
  • Hospitalization
  • Antibiotics referred by the doctor and,
  •  Tetanus Vaccine or active immunization.

It is said that most cases of Tetanus Infections occur in people who were never vaccinated against the condition or didn’t complete the total immunization. Over the years, Tetanus Vaccine plays an important role in controlling tetanus. All ages starting from children to adults are recommended to acquire Tetanus Immunization in order to control and prevent the danger of Tetanus as a community disease.tetanus_vaccine-1024x641

Tetanus Vaccines are available from public health units, licensed doctor’s office and even in pharmacies. At some point, tetanus vaccines are also given free to the community as an action for a Tetanus-free society.

Indeed, Tetanus is really a serious but rare condition caused by bacteria getting into a wound. In order to control the danger of this disease, proper knowledge of this disease is a must and patients should also seek for proper medication at all cost.

 

Sources:

Brennan, D. (2015). Understanding tetanus. Retrieved from December 15, 2016 from http://www.webmd.com/children/vaccines/understanding-tetanus-basics

Nordqvist, C. (2016). Tetanus: symptoms, causes, and treatments. Retrieved December 15, 2016 from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/163063.php#tetanus_causes

Perlstein, D. (2015). Tetanus (lockjaw and tetanus vaccination). Retrieved December 14, 2016 from http://www.medicinenet.com/tetanus/page2.htm

Tetanus. (2015). Retrieved December 15, 2016 from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Tetanus/Pages/Introduction.aspx

(Photo Credits: Google Images)

Same post can be found in my blog- Josephpetererazo.wordpress.com. Check it now!

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