Understanding Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
Eczema is considered as one of mysterious skin diseases that a person may acquire, it may cause by allergy, inherited hyper sensitive skin, cold weather and humidity. It resembles contact dermatitis and skin diseases. It consists of inflammatory reaction of the skin with itching, burning, and redness. The severity of this skin disease varies from person to person.
The eczema cannot be “cured’’ by any certain treatment. The treatment is given to infected person is to relieve the patient’s discomfort, to prevent secondary infections, and to reduce inflammation. Understanding this skin disease will help the person to handle the situation and allowing the individual to be prepared if eczema hits.
Eczema symptoms are minimal and at other times, especially countries that have a season of winter, the condition becomes worse. Eczema may occur in the first time in these three periods of person’s life: infancy, childhood and young adulthood.it may recur again in childhood and again in early adulthood.
Eczema can appear also to infants that age of two to three months .This type of eczema also known Infantile eczema .And also Childhood Eczema between ages five and ten years old. Foradults, Eczema appears during the early teens and last in middle of life.
The human skin is susceptible to eczema reacts unfavorably to certain conditions, such as cold weather, heat and humidity. Exposure to physical exertion involving perspiring, contact with wool, emotional stress, respiratory infections, excessive bathing, or the use of harsh soap will increase susceptibility.
Eczema differs from every age group of a person. In the infant, the skin involved is usually the face, scalp, arms and legs. The skin exudes moisture after which crust form. Itching an excoriation are major problems.
Eczema may occur also in the childhood stage of a human, it occurs in any part of the skin, but usually in the arms and the legs. The lesion is papules (pimples) and plaques.
Eczema in adults involves the flexor areas of the arms and legs, the eyelids, and the sides of the neck. the skin is dry and appear muddy with variations in the amount of pigment.
In acute eczema the skin becomes reddened and swollen. Papules develop on this swollen skin and merge into fluid-filled vesicles. The fluid escapes as the vesicles break and area continues to ooze. Then the crust form.
As the condition becomes more chronic, which is typical of the older age groups, the skin form scales and skin markings become accentuated. Because of intense itching, there are scratch marks and skin become rough.
Shryock,H.( 1990) , Modern medical guide ,Washington D.C,Pacific Press Pub. Association
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