What is Mumps?
Mumps is a disease caused by a virus that usually spreads through saliva and some is spread by close contact or by coughing and sneezing. Mumps is most common in children between the ages of 5-15 years.
What are the symptoms?
Common symptoms include:
- cough or runny nose
- headache and muscle ache
- low-grade fever
- abdominal pain and loss of appetite.
You’ll notice swelling in front of your child’s ear and under his chin on at least one side. About one in three children will have no symptoms or very mild symptoms. Take note that the pain gets worse when the child swallows, talks, chews, or drinks acidic juices.
It can be passed to others through sneezing, coughing, or even laughing. The virus can also spread to other people over direct contact, for example picking up tissues or using drinking glasses that have been used by the infected person.
In general, you don’t need to separate the sick person from the rest of the family. By the time mumps is diagnosed, most household members have already been.
Mumps can be prevented by vaccination. immunization for mumps is now given to all children, in combination with measles and rubella vaccines. This is a vaccine commonly known as MMR, combining vaccinations for mumps, measles and rubella (German measles). Consult your family doctor about an immunization schedule for you and your children.
You should see your doctor if:
• your child’s fever lasts for longer than three days
• the swelling becomes more painful.
• your child complains of a severe headache,
becomes drowsy, starts vomiting and can’t stand bright light.
There’s no specific treatment for mumps because mumps is a virus, it doesn’t respond to antibiotics or other medications. You can treat the symptoms to make yourself more calm here are the following:
- Try to avoid giving your child sour foods, because this can stimulate salivary glands and cause further pain.
- Offer your child water or other fluids often to keep them hydrated.
- Your child cannot go to school or day care for five days after their glands start to swell.
- Use ice or a heat pack on swollen, painful areas.
- Take pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, to bring down your child’s fever.
Children usually recover from mumps in about 10–12 days. It takes about 1 week for the swelling to disappear in each parotid gland, but both glands don’t usually swell at the same time.
Raising Children Network Limited (2016). Retrieved December 17,2016 from http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/mumps.html
WebMD(2016). Retrieved December 17,2016 from http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/mumps-topic-overview#2
Silver, S.(2016). Retrieved December 17,2016 from http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/ConditionsandDiseases/InfectiousDiseases/Pages/Mumps.aspx
Roth,E.(2016) .Retrieved December 17,2016 from http://www.healthline.com/health/mumps#Complications4