The Mystery of Aneurysm

Aneurysm- A medical term that would sound familiar, yet unclear, to most. Let me shed some light on those who feel this way.

Simply, aneurysm is a word for an abnormally weak or bulging artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your body. An aneurysm can grow large and rupture. When this happens, there would be a dangerous bleeding inside the body which could lead to vasospasms or the narrowing of blood vessels in the brain, hydrocephalus which happens when there is a blocking of circulation between the brain and spinal cord, and  hyponatremia which is the diruption of balance of sodium in the blood supply. A ruptured aneurysm also often causes death. Now the question remains: How would you know if you have aneurysm?

The most boggling thing about aneurysm is that it can slowly develop over many years and often have no symptoms.  Symptoms only show when the aneurysm already expands rapidly or has already ruptured. If this has happened, symptoms may develop suddenly and include pain, clammy skin, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, rapid heart rate, shock, and low blood pressure.

To decrease your risk of having an aneurysm, it is important to know what factors can contribute to the weakness of an artery. These factors are old age, smoking, high blood pressure, drug abuse (particularly the use of cocaine), head injury, family history of brain aneurysm, heavy alcohol consumption, and certain blood infections. Avoiding or lessening these risk factors is the answer to how aneurysm can be prevented.

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